Village of Cuba

Cuba New Mexico
Cuba, New Mexico

Population, 2010: 731
Area, 2010: 3.27 square miles
Incorporated: 1964
Location: 60 miles northwest of Albuquerque on US 550


Cuba, in the Rio Puerco Valley, is a trade center for ranching and the Navajo Reservation and Jicarilla Apache Reservation. It's also a stopping place for travelers on U.S. 550 and the closest business district to Chaco Canyon National Monument. Flanked by the Nacimiento Mountains and surrounded by the Santa Fe National Forest, Cuba is the gateway to such attractions as the San Pedro Parks Wilderness and Gregorio Lake.

Highway-related services have benefited from increased travel along U.S. 550, a result of growth in both the Rio Grande valley and the San Juan Basin to the northwest. Nearly half of jobs were in the government sector, while the rest were in retail and services.

History: Native Americans have occupied the area for centuries. In the 1700's Spanish settlers arrived; the area was part of the San Joaquin del Nacimiento Spanish Land Grant.

Cuba was founded in 1879. The town takes its name, not for the Caribbean island, but from the Spanish word for trough, tank or sink, which probably refers to the broad basin of the Rio Puerco valley.


Population and Housing, 2000 and 2010



Population 731 590
10 Year Population Growth 23.9% -22.4%
Median Age 37.5 32.4
High School Graduates or higher 69.9% 65%
Bachelor's Degree or higher 6.8% 16%
Average Commute Time to Work 29.4 25.1
Median Household Income $23,542 $21,538
Housing Units 392 290
Single Family Housing Units 63.2% 47.4%
Multi-Family Housing Units 1.6% 11.8%
Mobile Homes and Other 35.2% 40.8%
Owner-Occupied Housing Units 57.1% 45.5%
Average Household Size 2.41 2.66
Source: 2010 Decennial Census, American Community Survey 2006-2010

More demographics:


Mayor, elected every four years
Four councilors, elected by district to four-year staggered terms


Water: Village of Cuba
Source of Water: Ground water
Sewer: Village of Cuba
Solid Waste: Sandoval County convenience station
Electric: Jemez Mountains Electric Cooperative
Natural Gas: New Mexico Gas Company
Telephone: Windstream


Highways: US 550
Transit: Rio Metro


K-12: Cuba Public School District


Recreation: In Santa Fe National Forest is the San Pedro Parks Wilderness is a gentle, rolling landscape of mixed conifers and broad, grassy parks and meadows. Within the wilderness are campgrounds and trails for hiking and horseback riding. Cabezon Peak, between San Ysidro and Cuba, is a massive volcanic plug formed millions of years ago when Mt. Taylor (near Grants, NM) was an active volcano. Rising 2,000 feet above the valley floor, is a popular climb that offers an expansive view of the Rio Puerco Valley.

Fishing: The San Pedro Parks Wilderness is home to native cutthroat trout.



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