Estancia, the county seat of Torrance County, is located in the heart of the Estancia Basin, a level area surrounded by mountains and highlands. The area has been a cattle and sheep ranching region since the 19th century. The town began with the arrival of the railroad around 1902. In the mid-20th century beans were the principal crop.
- Area: 6.18 square miles
- Incorporated: 1902
- Location: 17 miles south of I-40 at the crossroads of New Mexico State Road 41 and New Mexico State Road 55
- Population, 2015: 1,597
Major Private Employer
Corrections Corporation of America
The large salt flats and lagoons southeast of Estancia were an important source of salt to ancient people. Later, Spanish colonists mined salt from these flats for trade. Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument takes its name from this salt trade. Estancia, which means "resting place," was established in 1902 with the arrival of the New Mexico Central Railroad. The railroad donated a spring-fed lake to the town, which became Arthur Park, and in the 1930's the Civil Conservation Corps made improvements.
- Four trustees, elected at large for two- and four-year staggered terms
- Mayor, elected every four years
- Electric: Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative
- Natural Gas: EMW Gas Association
- Sewer: Town of Estancia
- Solid Waste: Estancia Valley Solid Waste Authority
- Source: Ground water
- Telephone: CenturyLink
- Water: Town of Estancia
- Air: Estancia Municipal Airport
- Highways: I-40, New Mexico State Roads 41 and 55
- Kindergarten to 12th grade: Estancia School District
- Recreation: The Manzano Mountains, with six developed campgrounds, offer hiking, biking, horseback riding and cross-country skiing opportunities. The community recreation center has a swimming pool, and Arthur Park has a fishing lake.